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Postby sonyaany » Sep 6th, '16, 09:01

History and Culture

Broome, A town in which lanes lined with noodle stalls and opium dens, and the slum dwellings of hawkers and prostitutes were more reminiscent of Asia than Australia; and where pearl shell mattered more than human life. Tales of murder, rape, theft, brutality and treachery are found side by side with courage, honesty, and pioneering vision quote from Kevin Lawton book, walk down Johnny Chi Lane

In the late1880s the small settlement of Broome located on Roebuck Bay in the north of the Colony of Western Australia consisted of two stores and a few scattered houses. It had no road or rail connection to the south of the Colony and depended on limited sea transport for its supplies and communication.

In 1888 one visitor to the settlement described it as: only water was a native UGG Boots Clearance Sale well Mangrove swamps were full of mosquitoes, and high up on the sandhills a few struggling camps were pitched. years later everything had changed. The submarine telegraph cable, which had been connected to Darwin, was rerouted through Broome because of volcanic activity in the Arafura Sea and in February 1889, was landed on what is today known as Cable Beach.

Suddenly the town was much more than a collection of tents. The firm of Streeters set up a store trading in pearls and mother of pearl shell and built the famous Roebuck Hotel. The store still stands in Short Street near Streeters Jetty and the Roebuck Hotel is around the corner in Dampier Terrace.

The town grew rapidly driven by the search for pearls and the search for pearl divers was unceasing. Without the benefit of modern underwater equipment the divers were forced to dive only to resurface when they ran out of breath. The pearlers had no compunction about kidnapping local Aborigines (black birding) and forcing them into virtual slavery as divers.

By 1887 the Broome Pearling Fleet had changed from skin diving to apparatus diving with the distinctive canvas suits, copper helmets and boots, and rubber air hoses. The town thrived on the hugely profitable, and extremely dangerous pearl shell industry, using Asian labour that was cheap to hire and easy to replace.

Cyclones, the Pacific war, sharks and the dreaded bends have left many bones in the local graveyard, and more on the bottom UGG Boots Clearance Outlet of the sea. There was an appalling death rate among the early divers where ignorance of the hazards of deep and prolonged diving resulted in a painful death or at best, incapacitation, through what became known as decompression sickness or the There are tales of divers brought to the surface bereft of life, squashed out of recognition.

Despite Broome chequered past or more likely because of it, Broome now boasts a multicultural population which have all blended to create a captivatingly welcoming and colourful personality that is the heart and soul of Broome.

Cultured pearls from Broome are now the best in the world.

Why is Broome named Broome?

Broome is named after Frederick Napier Broome who was the the Swan River Colony Governor. Broome was not pleased to be named after a town that was really just a collection of dilapidated pearlers camps scattered throughout the sandhills. At the time the governor wrote to the Colonial Secretary stating believe the township named after me by the Hon. Surveyor General (John Forrest) to remain a mere dummy townsite inhabited by the tenants of 3 graves . my present idea is to have the name cancelled He was unaware that one of the 3 graves belonged to Matthew Forrest, the Surveyor Generals, recently deceased younger brother, who had died from measles and pneumonia just before his 28th birthday while diving for pearl shell at Roebuck Bay. Mathews grave can be seen today at Pioneer Cemetery, Town Beach overlooking Roebuck Bay.

A statue commemorating women's contribution to the pearling industry sits proudly on the foreshore of Roebuck Bay.

She appears to be bursting out of the water, offering a pearl shell but a closer look reveals a less romantic story, as she is pregnant and is gasping for air.

Excerpt from the Western Australian

She pays homage to the resilience and suffering of the forgotten women of pearling in Broome both early divers and those who supported the industry from land.

In the first instance, it acknowledges the horrendous early 19th century practice of "blackbirding" the forcible kidnapping of Aboriginal women to pearl luggers, where they dived for pearl shells in deep water, often without breathing apparatus. Unsurprisingly, many of the women drowned.

Djugan and Yawuru woman Mary Theresa Torres Barker, 72, said she had heard painful stories from her grandmother Polly Drummond, about the "sad time" in Broome's history.

"In the early days, there was no one to do the job and they found the women had the lung capacity to stay underwater longer they were the best," Mrs Barker said. "Sometimes they used to go a little bit further and they would put the woman in respirators but tie stones to their legs to keep them down they were knocked around, tied on the dinghies. "It was very cruel just talking about it makes me sad."

The practice died out in the 1890s, several years after Broome was gazetted, when men brought in to build the UGG Boots Clearance Sale wooden jetty brought male skin divers with them. But the statue also acknowledges the on shore women who helped Broome's pearl shell industry to thrive, during its heydays in the late 1800s and early 1900s. From the early UGG Boots Clearance Sale days, women worked for pearlers as domestic help and in many cases, bore their children. Mixed families were often torn apart when Asian indentured workers were suddenly deported, leaving their women to raise children alone.

Researcher Sarah Yu said the statue's location on the foreshore placed the spotlight back on a rich part of Broome's heritage which was often ignored. From the late 1800s to early 1900s, hundreds of pearl luggers would pass through the area en route to Streeter's Jetty.

The mothers, wives and children of lugger crews would also assemble there, gazing out over the water and waiting anxiously for the return of their loved ones on the spring tides. Hearts sank when they arrived with flags at half mast, indicating that more of their men had died at sea. Despite the area's rich cultural history, only bare traces of the once thriving industry at the site can still be seen, including three crumbling buildings, the jetty and remains of several pearlers' camps, Mrs Yu said.

"The focus now is on pearls and camels on the beach and sunsets whereas the true heritage of Broome lies within the stories of pearl shell," she said. "There was a whole life around the foreshore and the luggers so (the statue) is trying to draw attention to that history."

Johnny Chi

Many people have asked me about the history of Johnny Chi Lane. Who was Johnny Chi and why was a lane in the heart of Chinatown named after him?

The tale begins with Captain Reddell, who along with his son, first mate and several crew members, were murdered, by his Koepanger crew who mutinied and sailed his brig Ethel to Koepang in Timor. They scuttled her out of sight of land, coming ashore in the dinghies, with a tale of being shipwrecked sailors.

John Chi, the Chinese cook, gave them away. Johnny Chi became a pearler himself in time and invested in property in Broome Chinatown, giving his name to Johnny Chi Lane, where he ran a long soup kitchen.

Diamond Jack Palmer The Diamond Mystery

Russian WW1 Ace, Ivan Smirnoff was handed a a sealed cigar box sized container on the 3rd March 1942 as he was taking off from Bandung in Java. He was headed for Australia and onboard his Douglas DC 3 were nine Dutch refugees fleeing the imminent Japanese invasion, one of which was an 18 month old baby. Smirnoff threw the box into the Dakota First Aid box, not being aware that the contents of the box contained the equivalent, in today market, of $19 million worth of diamonds. He was however, told to good care of this, it is quite valuable He was told that the Commonwealth Bank would take delivery of the box on arrival in Australia.

At about 10.30am, when the DC 3 was still 80 km from its destination, Smirnoff saw billowing clouds of smoke over Broome. The town of Broome was under attack. Nine Japanese Zero had been strafing flying boats and other aircraft, destroying 22 of them altogether and claiming more than a hundred lives.
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Re: ugg boots on sale outlet 2016

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